Photography is part
and part art. To have better art you will need to master some
Digital Photography is a bit more than just using a digital camera and
it is often not as complicated as you might think it is. Most digital
will look good if they where correctly lighted. A correctly exposed
means that the right amount of light has exposed the image sensor.
issues are the number one consideration and obstacle to good
looking interior shots.
Basic Tips and Rules:
If you have the
manual for your
camera now would be a good time to read through it.
Make sure you
have enough storage
space on your digital camera to take plenty of photos.
photographs of the
exterior of the subject, try to arrive at the location on a clear,
day. Gray skies dull the reflection of exterior walls and landscapes
a subdued and unimpressive shot.
The one thing your camera can't do is to compose your picture for you.
The most effective way to control your composition is to alter your
and see if you can improve on your original composition by changing it.
You may be surprised how much difference walking a few steps can make.
from a slight angle
because slight angle gives the object more definition.
Use a frame to
create your masterpiece.
A frame serves to isolate your main subject, gives a feeling of depth
create an interesting composition. Many objects can be used as a
frame (fence, wall, door, arches, overhanging tree branch etc.).
Make sure your
the frame. Before you press that shutter release have a quick look
the edge of the frame, behind your subject and check for 'stuff'
into your masterpiece. Also make sure that you don't have acres of
full of nothing interesting.
photographs of the
interior, make sure that all lights are turned on inside the room you
shooting. Try to position your self in a location that best views the
features of each room. Decide what you would like to see if you are
observer. You don't want your shots to be of blank and boring walls!
try to back yourself into a corner or towards the entry of each room to
best capture the full spectrum of the architecture. If you have a wide
angle attachment, we recommend using it. Make sure you are zoomed out
the way to maximize the size of your photo.
directly at mirrors.
Try to either stand next to or away from the mirror if you don't want a
shot of the photographer!
possible use tripod
and (if your camera allows it) use a release cable or remote controller
to reduce camera shake.
Take as many
pictures as you'd
like, and later decide which represent your subject in its best light.
Since you're taking the photos, you can decide which are good enough to
be displayed, and which are going to be left out.
people the good stuff - Don't show bad stuff to anybody.
The Larger the
the Better Your Digital Camera Will Perform in Low-Light Situations
The aperture defines
size of the opening in the lens, which in advanced cameras can be
to control the amount of light reaching the film or digital sensor (CCD
or CMOS). In combination with variation of the shutter speed, this will
regulate the photograph's degree of exposure to light. Typically, a
shutter speed will require a larger aperture to ensure a sufficient
to light, just as a slow shutter speed will typically require a smaller
aperture to prevent excessive exposure to light. A larger max. aperture
also allows you to use a faster shutter speed to freeze action.
is usually measured in f-numbers. More...
Most Common Exposure Problems
is controlled in a camera by shutter speed and lens aperture. Today,
cameras automatically determine the correct exposure at the time of
a photograph by using a built-in light meter.
pictures are consistently coming out dark) - Setting your camera on
Auto Mode does not guarantee a correctly exposed picture. You need to
the light source by using the on-camera flash, or an alternate light
or if you can try to move your subject to someplace brighter.
an underexposed shot will result.
occurs when a photograph receives too much light. It results in a loss
of resolution, less detail in highlight areas and more graininess.
blurred image results when you are either using a shutter speed that is
too slow to avoid camera shake or too slow to 'freeze' motion. To avoid
that problem, use a faster shutter speed and adjust the aperture
A rule of thumb is to use the reciprocal of the 35mm equivalent focal
in use. Say you zoom to 125mm, then use a shutter speed of at least
sec. to avoid camera shake. To 'freeze' motion, a shutter speed faster
than 1/60 sec. is usually necessary depending on the type and speed of
that a slow shutter speed usually requires a tripod, or other ways to
the camera steady.
About White Balance (WB)
White balance is the
of color temperature. It is very important to know that different light
sources emit light at different colour temperatures. Color temperature
is a way of measuring the quality of a light source. It is based on the
ratio of the amount of blue light to the amount of red light, and the
light is ignored. The unit for measuring this ratio is in degree Kelvin
(K). A light with higher color temperature (or larger Kelvin value)
light toward the blue and a light with lower color temperature (or
Kelvin value) shifts light toward the red. More..
Setting White Balance
Cause a Color Shift in the Image
have built-in sensors to measure the current color temperature and use
an algorithm to process the image so that the final result may be close
to what we see (with our eyes, of course). Most advanced digital
provide the feature to manually set the white balance by using preset
settings such as, Tungsten, Fluorescent, Cloudy, Sunny, etc. Using
WB can improve on a picture, especially under indoors lighting. With
cameras when the in-camera algorithm is not able to set the color
correctly or when some creative and special effects are needed, you can
instruct the camera to use a particular color temperature to fulfill
need. Just follow the manufacturer instruction manual if you need to do
to reset this white balance setting when you head back outdoors into
light, or you may end up with some strange, out of this world, colours.
Depth of field (DOF)
Depth of field is
wherein objects are in focus. If you want to decrease the DOF, you can
do that by using a large aperture, moving closer to the subject, or by
using a long focal length. You can also increase the DOF by using a
aperture, moving away from our subject, or using a wide-angle lens. A
in focal length allows you to come closer to the subject or to move
from it and has therefore an indirect effect on perspective. A
lens has greater DOF than a telephoto lens. Generally we have three
to control DOF in our pictures:
1. By lens
or the size of the opening that allows light to go through the lens. A
large lens aperture gives a shallow DOF, and a small lens aperture
great DOF. In most advanced consumer digital cameras you will be able
directly control the lens aperture.
2. By distance
or focus on subject. To obtain greater DOF, you just need to step away
from the subject. To decrease DOF you just need to move in closer to
subject, because when you focus on a subject close to the camera, the
is less than when you focus on the subject farther away from the
3. By focal
or the amount of the scene your camera can see left and right. The
length of a lens establishes the field of view of the camera. By
the focal length on your camera, you affect the zoom.
The amount of scene
the camera can see in inversely proportional to the focal length of the
lens. The larger the focal length, the higher the amount of zoom which
yield a smaller scene view. The smaller the focal length, the more
will be visible. Some digital cameras suffer from barrel distortion at
the wide angle end and from pincushion distortion at the tele end of
zoom ranges. Learn
Types of Lenses For a Camera
There are three
types of lenses for a camera:
1. Normal or
Lenses - The focal length of a normal lens for a 35 mm SLR camera
approximately 50 mm. A standard or normal lens produces a picture with
a perspective similar to the human eye.
2. Wide Angle
- The focal length of a wide angle lens is any measurement less than 50
mm, but is typically 28 mm. A wide angle lens makes things appear
and distorts the view if the object is too close to the camera.
- The focal length of a telephoto lens ranges from 60 to 1000 mm. A
lens magnifies the subject while at the same time narrowing the field
vision. These lenses create an image that looks flatter than that
by a standard lens.
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